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Thread: Hg Q: Ancient DNA

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    Post Hg Q: Ancient DNA

    Allentoft et al 2015

    RISE 493 Sabinka 2 Karasuk 1500-1400 BC (Bronze Age)

    Q-L715*
    Positive SNPs from Q-L715 branch: YP795 YP797 YP800 YP801 YP805 YP806 YP807 YP815 YP818 YP820 YP822 YP828 YP830 YP832 YP846 YP850 YP851 YP855

    Negative SNPs: L713 and below.

    See also: http://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-M25/
    Last edited by Шад; 06-27-2015 at 12:00 PM.
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    RISE600 Verh-Uimon (Iron Age)

    Q-L713*

    Positive SNPs from Q-L715 branch: YP786 YP787 YP790 YP796 YP797 YP800 YP801 YP805 YP806 YP807 YP810 YP845 YP855 YP864
    Positive SNPs from Q-L713 branch: YP844

    RISE601 Verh-Uimon (Iron Age)


    Q-L715*

    Positive SNPs from Q-L715 branch: YP777 YP786 YP790 YP792 YP793 YP794 YP799 YP804 YP805 YP806 YP808 YP809 YP815 YP818 YP820 YP824 YP826 YP830
    YP831 YP834 YP835 YP836 YP839 YP840 YP849
    Last edited by Шад; 06-27-2015 at 11:59 AM.
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    Is there an estimate of the time between these three samples?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Afshar View Post
    Is there an estimate of the time between these three samples?
    We will try to do it.

    BTW, archaeologists estimate the age of the RISE600 and 601 samples as the middle of the first millennium AD.

    http://forum.molgen.org/index.php/to...html#msg298722
    Last edited by Шад; 06-28-2015 at 05:54 AM.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Afshar View Post
    Is there an estimate of the time between these three samples?
    Q-L712 formed 16800 ybp, TMRCA 14400 ybp
    Q-L715 formed 14400 ybp, TMRCA 5300 ybp
    Q-L713 formed 5300 ybp, TMRCA 4800 ybp
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    137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

    Peter de Barros Damgaard, Nina Marchi, Simon Rasmussen, Michaël Peyrot, Gabriel Renaud, Thorfinn Korneliussen, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar, Mikkel Winther Pedersen, Amy Goldberg, Emma Usmanova, Nurbol Baimukhanov, Valeriy Loman, Lotte Hedeager, Anders Gorm Pedersen, Kasper Nielsen, Gennady Afanasiev, Kunbolot Akmatov, Almaz Aldashev, Ashyk Alpaslan, Gabit Baimbetov, Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii, Arman Beisenov, Bazartseren Boldbaatar, Bazartseren Boldgiv, Choduraa Dorzhu, Sturla Ellingvag, Diimaajav Erdenebaatar, Rana Dajani, Evgeniy Dmitriev, Valeriy Evdokimov, Karin M. Frei, Andrey Gromov, Alexander Goryachev, Hakon Hakonarson, Tatyana Hegay, Zaruhi Khachatryan, Ruslan Khaskhanov, Egor Kitov, Alina Kolbina, Tabaldiev Kubatbek, Alexey Kukushkin, Igor Kukushkin, Nina Lau, Ashot Margaryan, Inga Merkyte, Ilya V. Mertz, Viktor K. Mertz, Enkhbayar Mijiddorj, Vyacheslav Moiyesev, Gulmira Mukhtarova, Bekmukhanbet Nurmukhanbetov, Z. Orozbekova, Irina Panyushkina, Karol Pieta, Václav Smrčka, Irina Shevnina, Andrey Logvin, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Tereza Štolcová, Kadicha Tashbaeva, Alexander Tkachev, Turaly Tulegenov, Dmitriy Voyakin, Levon Yepiskoposyan, Sainbileg Undrakhbold, Victor Varfolomeev, Andrzej Weber, Nikolay Kradin, Morten E. Allentoft, Ludovic Orlando, Rasmus Nielsen, Martin Sikora, Evelyne Heyer, Kristian Kristiansen & Eske Willerslev- Show fewer authors

    Nature (2018)
    doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0094-2

    Received: 18 April 2017
    Accepted: 03 April 2018
    Published: 09 May 2018

    Abstract

    For thousands of years the Eurasian steppes have been a centre of human migrations and cultural change. Here we sequence the genomes of 137 ancient humans (about 1× average coverage), covering a period of 4,000 years, to understand the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age migrations. We find that the genetics of the Scythian groups that dominated the Eurasian steppes throughout the Iron Age were highly structured, with diverse origins comprising Late Bronze Age herders, European farmers and southern Siberian hunter-gatherers. Later, Scythians admixed with the eastern steppe nomads who formed the Xiongnu confederations, and moved westward in about the second or third century bc, forming the Hun traditions in the fourth–fifth century ad, and carrying with them plague that was basal to the Justinian plague. These nomads were further admixed with East Asian groups during several short-term khanates in the Medieval period. These historical events transformed the Eurasian steppes from being inhabited by Indo-European speakers of largely West Eurasian ancestry to the mostly Turkic-speaking groups of the present day, who are primarily of East Asian ancestry.

    Евразийская степь, простирающаяся примерно на 8000 километров от Венгрии и Румынии на западе до Монголии и западного Китая на востоке, в культурном отношении является одной из самых динамичных областей в мире. В последние четыре тысячелетия в ней по-разному доминировали ираноязычные, тюркоязычные и монголоязычные группы, а его умеренные луга были перекрестком для обширных перемещений народов, товаров и идей между Европой, Сибирью, Южной и Восточной Азией. Чтобы понять генетическую историю популяций степей Евразии, мы секвенировали 137 древних геномов (среднее покрытие ~1x), охватывающих 4000-летний временной ряд. Мы также генотипировали 502 человека из 16 современных этнических групп. Мы находим свидетельства чрезвычайно динамичной популяционной истории; иранскоязычные скифы, которые доминировали в евразийской степи на протяжении всего железного века (~ 1 тысячелетие до нашей эры), появились после смешения между скотоводами позднего бронзового века западного евразийского происхождения и восточноазиатскими охотниками-собирателями. Позднее степные кочевники ещё раз смешались с тюркоязычными группами восточноазиатского происхождения, которые распространились на запад через степь в несколько волн: во-первых, конфедерации хунну, возникшие в Монголии около 3-го / 2-го века до нашей эры; во-вторых, гунны (4-5 в. н. э.), зараженные штаммом чумы базальным для штамма Юстиниановой чумы, который дестабилизировал восточную Римскую империю в 6 веке н.э .; и в-третьих, во время различных краткосрочных династий, в том числе монгольской империи Чингисхана и его потомков. Эти недавние исторические события превратили евразийские степные популяции из носителей индоевропейских языков преимущественно западно-евразийского происхождения в нынешние тюркоязычные группы, преимущественно Восточно-Азиатского происхождения

    Code:
    DA4	Q-L933	Q1-L932	ERS2374288	Grishkin Log 1, 2817 BP, Tagar
    DA20	Q-YP771	Q1-L330	ERS2374303	Kurgan Sjiderti 17, Burial 1, Sjiderte, Pavlodar; 2233 BP, Nomad_Hun-Sarmatian
    DA47	Q-L330	Q1-L330	ERS2374317	"Kurgan nr. K9 (individ. nr. 1), Keden; 2065 BP, TianShanSaka
    DA54	Q-L715	Q1-M25	ERS2374324	Kurgan nr. K70, Keden; 1595 BP, TianShanHun
    DA74	Q-L713	Q1-M25	ERS2374339	Kurgan nr. 30 (child, buried together with another individual), Baskya 2; 1514 BP, TianShanHun
    DA86	Q-L715	Q1-M25	ERS2374344	"Kurgan nr. 16 (human (warrior) buried together with horse), Boz-Adyr; 1468 BP, Turk Tian Shan
    DA105	Q-L715	Q1-M25	ERS2374357	Kurgan 1 / 4 (grav 4.), Uch-Kurbu, TianShanHun, 1769 BP
    DA127	Q-YP4500	Q2-Y1150	ERS2374370	Aktas, Issyk, Tian Shan, 1634 BP, OutTianShanHun
    DA141	Q-YP771	Q1-L330	ERS2374377	Несветай II Кург.33-п.1 I в. (сарматы) 1933 BP
    DA161	Q-L330	Q1-L330	ERS2374384	катакомбники/аланы 7(6-8) век н.э. Архонский, 1500-1100 BP
    DA162	Q-YP4000	Q1-YP4004	ERS2374385	катакомбники/аланы 3(2-4) век н.э. Бесланский, 1900-1500 BP
    DA221	Q-YP1695	Q-L332	ERS2374408	"Karagaly 1 burial site, grave 9, 2565 BP, Nomad_IA Tian Shan
    DA343	Q-YP1102	Q1-L330	ERS2374419	Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia; 4597-3726 BP, Glazkovo near Irkutsk
    DA353	Q-YP4004	Q1-YP4004	ERS2374420	Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia; 4597-3726 BP, Glazkovo near Irkutsk
    DA356	Q-YP1102	Q1-L330	ERS2374421	Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia; 4597-3726 BP, Glazkovo near Irkutsk
    DA361	Q-YP4004	Q1-YP4004	ERS2374422	Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia; 4597-3726 BP, Glazkovo near Irkutsk
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0094-2
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    The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia

    Peter de Barros Damgaard1,*, Rui Martiniano2,3,*, Jack Kamm2,*, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar1,*, Guus Kroonen4,5, Michaël Peyrot5, Gojko Barjamovic6, Simon Rasmussen7, Claus Zacho1, Nurbol Baimukhanov8, Victor Zaibert9, Victor Merz10, Arjun Biddanda11, Ilja Merz10, Valeriy Loman12, Valeriy Evdokimov12, Emma Usmanova12, Brian Hemphill13, Andaine Seguin-Orlando1, Fulya Eylem Yediay14, Inam Ullah1,15, Karl-Göran Sjögren16, Katrine Hřjholt Iversen7, Jeremy Choin1, Constanza de la Fuente1, Melissa Ilardo1, Hannes Schroeder1, Vyacheslav Moiseyev17, Andrey Gromov17, Andrei Polyakov18, Sachihiro Omura19, Süleyman Yücel Senyurt20, Habib Ahmad15,21, Catriona McKenzie22, Ashot Margaryan1, Abdul Hameed23, Abdul Samad24, Nazish Gul15, Muhammad Hassan Khokhar25, O. I. Goriunova26,27, Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii27, John Novembre10,28, Andrzej W. Weber29, Ludovic Orlando1,30, Morten E. Allentoft1, Rasmus Nielsen31, Kristian Kristiansen16, Martin Sikora1, Alan K. Outram22, Richard Durbin2,3,†, Eske Willerslev1,2,32,†

    Abstract

    The Yamnaya expansions from the western steppe into Europe and Asia during the Early Bronze Age (~3000 BCE) are believed to have brought with them Indo-European languages and possibly horse husbandry. We analyze 74 ancient whole-genome sequences from across Inner Asia and Anatolia and show that the Botai people associated with the earliest horse husbandry derived from a hunter-gatherer population deeply diverged from the Yamnaya. Our results also suggest distinct migrations bringing West Eurasian ancestry into South Asia before and after but not at the time of Yamnaya culture. We find no evidence of steppe ancestry in Bronze Age Anatolia from when Indo-European languages are attested there. Thus, in contrast to Europe, Early Bronze Age Yamnaya-related migrations had limited direct genetic impact in Asia.

    Считается, что ямная экспансия из Западной степи в Европу и Азию в раннем бронзовом веке(~3000 лет до н. э.) принесла с собой индоевропейские языки и, возможно, коневодство. Мы анализируем 74 древние последовательности целого генома со всей Внутренней Азии и Анатолии и показываем, что Ботайцы, связанные с самым ранним коневодством, происходят из популяции охотников-собирателей, разошедшейся глубоко в древности с предками представителей ямной культуры. Наши результаты также свидетельствуют о различных миграциях, приносящих западноевропейский генетический компонент в Южную Азию до и после, но не во времена Ямной культуры. Мы не находим никаких свидетельств степного генетического компонента в Анатолии бронзового века, когда там засвидетельствованы Индоевропейские языки. Таким образом, в отличие от Европы, Ямная миграция раннего бронзового века имела ограниченный прямой генетический эффект в Азии.

    Code:
    Population	SampleID	ObservedSN	Representat	Lineage
    Kurma_EBA	DA354	Q-M1083	Q-L472	Q1a
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE673	Q-M1100	Q-L472	Q1a
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE683	Q-L712	Q-L712	Q1a1b1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE672	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE674	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE662	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE664	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE718	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE719	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE670	Q-L940	Q-L940	Q1a2b
    Shamanka_EBA	DA334	Q-L55	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA335	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA336	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA337	Q-L475	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA338	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA339	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    UstIda_EBA	DA361	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    UstIda_EBA	DA353	Q-L476	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA356	Q-L213	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA343	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    UstIda_LN	DA355	Q-L892	Q-M346	Q1a2
    http://science.sciencemag.org/conten...cience.aar7711
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    Turkey Afsharid Dynasty
    It is a good week for Q
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    I'm Q-L712 accordingly to 23andME test Y DNA. Live in Poland. I have contacted Mr. Niezgoda already

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    hi....i just wished to know about the presence of haplogroup Q in india. While going through the YDNA results of my community( kerala nairs), two of the members showed up with haplogroup Q- L-56 amd M-346, on eupedia the origin of these hapgps could be russia /kazkhstan,armenia/hungary....are these hapgps evidence of scythic/hunnic origins when they show up in India?....any expert comments?

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