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Thread: Broushaki et al. "Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent"

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    Broushaki et al. "Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent"

    http://science.sciencemag.org/conten...cience.aaf7943

    Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent

    Farnaz Broushaki1, Mark G Thomas2, Vivian Link3,4, Saioa López2, Lucy van Dorp2, Karola Kirsanow1, Zuzana Hofmanová1, Yoan Diekmann2, Lara M. Cassidy5, David Díez-del-Molino2,6, Athanasios Kousathanas3,4,7, Christian Sell1, Harry K. Robson8, Rui Martiniano5, Jens Blöcher1, Amelie Scheu1,5, Susanne Kreutzer1, Ruth Bollongino1, Dean Bobo9, Hossein Davudi10, Olivia Munoz11, Mathias Currat12, Kamyar Abdi13, Fereidoun Biglari14, Oliver E. Craig8, Daniel G Bradley5, Stephen Shennan15, Krishna R Veeramah9, Marjan Mashkour16, Daniel Wegmann3,4,*,†, Garrett Hellenthal2,*,†, Joachim Burger1,*,†

    Science 14 Jul 2016:

    DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf7943

    Abstract

    We sequenced Early Neolithic genomes from the Zagros region of Iran (eastern Fertile Crescent), where some of the earliest evidence for farming is found, and identify a previously uncharacterized population that is neither ancestral to the first European farmers nor has contributed significantly to the ancestry of modern Europeans. These people are estimated to have separated from Early Neolithic farmers in Anatolia some 46-77,000 years ago and show affinities to modern day Pakistani and Afghan populations, but particularly to Iranian Zoroastrians. We conclude that multiple, genetically differentiated hunter-gatherer populations adopted farming in SW-Asia, that components of pre-Neolithic population structure were preserved as farming spread into neighboring regions, and that the Zagros region was the cradle of eastward expansion.

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    http://science.sciencemag.org/conten...cience.aaf7943

    Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent

    Farnaz Broushaki1, Mark G Thomas2, Vivian Link3,4, Saioa López2, Lucy van Dorp2, Karola Kirsanow1, Zuzana Hofmanová1, Yoan Diekmann2, Lara M. Cassidy5, David Díez-del-Molino2,6, Athanasios Kousathanas3,4,7, Christian Sell1, Harry K. Robson8, Rui Martiniano5, Jens Blöcher1, Amelie Scheu1,5, Susanne Kreutzer1, Ruth Bollongino1, Dean Bobo9, Hossein Davudi10, Olivia Munoz11, Mathias Currat12, Kamyar Abdi13, Fereidoun Biglari14, Oliver E. Craig8, Daniel G Bradley5, Stephen Shennan15, Krishna R Veeramah9, Marjan Mashkour16, Daniel Wegmann3,4,*,†, Garrett Hellenthal2,*,†, Joachim Burger1,*,†

    Science 14 Jul 2016:

    DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf7943

    Abstract

    We sequenced Early Neolithic genomes from the Zagros region of Iran (eastern Fertile Crescent), where some of the earliest evidence for farming is found, and identify a previously uncharacterized population that is neither ancestral to the first European farmers nor has contributed significantly to the ancestry of modern Europeans. These people are estimated to have separated from Early Neolithic farmers in Anatolia some 46-77,000 years ago and show affinities to modern day Pakistani and Afghan populations, but particularly to Iranian Zoroastrians. We conclude that multiple, genetically differentiated hunter-gatherer populations adopted farming in SW-Asia, that components of pre-Neolithic population structure were preserved as farming spread into neighboring regions, and that the Zagros region was the cradle of eastward expansion.
    Supp Data section 5

    The Iron Age sample was R1b-Z2103 !

    The only Neolithic one they managed to Y-sequence was G2b

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    Quote Originally Posted by Gravetto-Danubian View Post
    Supp Data section 5

    The Iron Age sample was R1b-Z2103 !
    Very nice. There are significant frequencies of R-Z2103 in that area today!

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    Speaking of the Devil...

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    Iron Age sample is interesting, probably the base pop for modern NW Iranics. It's couple of centuries before the Medes and Scythians arrived the area.
    Last edited by MfA; 07-15-2016 at 12:00 AM. Reason: *modern
    E-M84>Y5435>Y5412>FGC18389>FGC18401>FGC18388 tMRCA 3000ybp

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    Does anyone know if they tested the Z2103 sample for L584?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Humanist View Post
    Does anyone know if they tested the Z2103 sample for L584?
    Nope, despite ISOGG 2013 covers L584 they didn't test it, not that decent quality sample though. However I still hope there are many non isogg snps left to recover.

    He's also N1a3a

    Last edited by MfA; 07-15-2016 at 12:05 AM.
    E-M84>Y5435>Y5412>FGC18389>FGC18401>FGC18388 tMRCA 3000ybp

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    The upper range of the separation they give 77000 years is implausible. Anything above 46000.

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    Hasanlu is in Mannae. Indo European names are attested in Mannae.

    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannaeans

    It is unlikely that there was any ethnolinguistic unity in Mannea. Like other peoples of the Iranian plateau, the Manneans were subjected to an ever increasing Iranian (i.e. Indo-European) penetration. Boehmer's analysis of several anthroponyms and toponyms needs modification and augmentation. Melikishvili (1949, p. 60) tried to confine the Iranian presence in Mannea to its periphery, pointing out that both Daiukku (cf. Schmitt, 1973) and Bagdatti were active in the periphery of Mannea, but this is imprecise, in view of the fact that the names of two early Mannean rulers, viz. Udaki and Azā, are explicable in Old Iranian terms.

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