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Thread: Cognoms Catalans

  1. #1
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    Cognoms Catalans

    COGNOMS CATALANS
    Estudi genčtic dels cognoms catalans, valencians i balears

    This project aims to use the variation in the Y chromosome to study the origins of 50 surnames found in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. These names include some of Germanic, Arabic and Hebrew origin linguistically. The project is directed by Francesc Calafell, David Comas and Jaume Bertranpetit and was funded by the Institute of Catalan Studies. They are relying on volunteers to come forward to be tested. The names:

    Adell
    Albert, Aubert
    Alemany
    Armengol, Armengou, Amengual
    Balasch
    Bonastre
    Bosch
    Cabot
    Calafell
    Cardona
    Casajuana, Casajoana
    Codina, Codines, Codinas
    Comas, Comes, Coma
    Danés, Dančs
    Estruch
    Ferrer, Ferré, Farré, Ferrés, Farrés
    Fortuny
    Gasull, Gassull
    Grau, Garau
    Gual, Gol
    Guasch, Gasch, Guarch, Guasp
    Llach
    Mas
    Massot, Masot
    Maymó, Maimó
    Melis
    Miquel
    Moragues, Moragas
    Nŕcher
    Nadal, de Nadal
    Oriol
    Pitarch, Pitart
    Pons
    Raga
    Reixach, Rexach, Reixachs, Rexachs
    Ricart
    Robert, Rubert
    Roig
    Roma
    Ros
    Sabater, Sabaté, Sabatés, Sabaters
    Sala
    Salom
    Santacana
    Serra
    Soler, Solé, Sulé
    Taberner, Taberné, Taverner, Taverné
    Tió, Thió
    Vidal
    Vives

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  3. #2
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    The project is complete and the first scientific publication is out.

    Neus Solé-Morata, Jaume Bertranpetit, David Comas and Francesc Calafell, Recent Radiation of R-M269 and High Y-STR Haplotype Resemblance Confirmed, Annals of Human Genetics, first published online: 13 May 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1...12066/abstract

    It is behind a paywall, without even an abstract on view, but here is a translation of a summary the project put on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Un-at...96361010451654

    This is a review we published in the British journal Annals of Human Genetics. In a previous article, Larmuseau and collaborators found that haplotypes of the Y chromosomes belonging to haplogroup R1b are very similar to each other, making it difficult to distinguish the sub-branches. We attribute this to a recent expansion of this haplogroup, but wonder if this phenomenon also occurs in the rest of Western Europe, where R1b is very common.

    In our review, we confirm that this pattern is also found in our samples of Catalan, Valencian and Balearic Islands, with the exception of the branch R1b-Z220 (which also includes R1b-Z278 and R1b-M153), which can be distinguished for some typical variations in their haplotypes. Indeed this branch (along with parental R1b and R1b-Z195-SRY2627) is very typical of the peninsula and the Balearic Islands, rarely beyond.

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  5. #3
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    Free supporting information
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1...12066/suppinfo

    Subhaplogroup Number Frequency (%)
    R-L23* 1 0.1
    R-P311* 5 0.4
    R-U106* 21 1.8
    R-Z381 36 3.1
    R-P312* 187 16.3
    R-L21* 62 5.4
    R-U152 100 8.7
    R-Z195* 66 5.7
    R-SRY2627 108 9.4
    R-Z220* 115 10.0
    R-Z268* 3 0.3
    R-Z278* 42 3.7
    R-M153 12 1.0
    Total R-L23 758 66.0

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  7. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by Jean M View Post
    COGNOMS CATALANS
    Estudi genčtic dels cognoms catalans, valencians i balears

    This project aims to use the variation in the Y chromosome to study the origins of 50 surnames found in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. These names include some of Germanic, Arabic and Hebrew origin linguistically. The project is directed by Francesc Calafell, David Comas and Jaume Bertranpetit and was funded by the Institute of Catalan Studies. They are relying on volunteers to come forward to be tested. The names:

    Adell
    Albert, Aubert
    Alemany
    Armengol, Armengou, Amengual
    Balasch
    Bonastre
    Bosch
    Cabot
    Calafell
    Cardona
    Casajuana, Casajoana
    Codina, Codines, Codinas
    Comas, Comes, Coma
    Danés, Dančs
    Estruch
    Ferrer, Ferré, Farré, Ferrés, Farrés
    Fortuny
    Gasull, Gassull
    Grau, Garau
    Gual, Gol
    Guasch, Gasch, Guarch, Guasp
    Llach
    Mas
    Massot, Masot
    Maymó, Maimó
    Melis
    Miquel
    Moragues, Moragas
    Nŕcher
    Nadal, de Nadal
    Oriol
    Pitarch, Pitart
    Pons
    Raga
    Reixach, Rexach, Reixachs, Rexachs
    Ricart
    Robert, Rubert
    Roig
    Roma
    Ros
    Sabater, Sabaté, Sabatés, Sabaters
    Sala
    Salom
    Santacana
    Serra
    Soler, Solé, Sulé
    Taberner, Taberné, Taverner, Taverné
    Tió, Thió
    Vidal
    Vives
    Many of these are northern Italian names


    Bonastre
    Cabot ................venetian sea explorer in the services of England............Zuanne Cabot ...........or sometimes Cabotto ( an extension of a surname)
    Cardona ............my great great grand-mother surname on my maternal side .............tracked lineage to 17th century in Northern italy
    Comas, Comes, Coma ........................also associated with Comin, surname of the famous painter, Tintoretto
    Ferrer, Ferré, ............ ...............iron worker
    Mas
    Masot
    Nacher
    Nadal, de Nadal ....................means Christmas in north italian language
    Raga
    Ros ...............................means red............usually has a Da Ros ..........from red
    Sala
    Serra ..................or Sera
    Soler .................sometimes with double L
    Taverner .......also spelt Taverna
    Vidal ..................famous writer who's ancestors came from north italy

    Father's Mothers Ydna ......R-S22778 ........Merlengo Veneto
    Father's Mtdna .....T2b35.......1735 Porcellengo Veneto Italy
    Wife's Ydna ..........R-DF99
    Sons Mtdna .....K1a4 ...........1710 Carnic Alps

    My Path = ( K-M9+, TL-P326+, T-M184+, L490+, M70+, PF5664+, L131+, L446+, CTS933+, CTS54+, CTS8862+, Z19945+, A339+ )

    The main negatives = ( M193-, P322-, P327-, Pages11- , L25- , CTS1848- )

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  9. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by RCO View Post
    Free supporting information
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1...12066/suppinfo

    Subhaplogroup Number Frequency (%)
    R-L23* 1 0.1
    R-P311* 5 0.4
    R-U106* 21 1.8
    R-Z381 36 3.1
    R-P312* 187 16.3
    R-L21* 62 5.4
    R-U152 100 8.7
    R-Z195* 66 5.7
    R-SRY2627 108 9.4
    R-Z220* 115 10.0
    R-Z268* 3 0.3
    R-Z278* 42 3.7
    R-M153 12 1.0
    Total R-L23 758 66.0
    Since DF27 itself was not tested, we can deduce that DF27 frequency in NE Spain is at a minimum of 30.1%, and at a maximum 46.4%. Based on what we've seen in other testing it is likely close to the maximum. Also noteworthy is the extremely small amount of L23*, P311 and L51 which is lso the case in Basque Country.
    Paternal: R1b-U152+ L2+ ZZ48+ FGC10543+, Pietro della Rocca, b. 1559, Agira, Sicily, Italy
    Maternal: Haplogroup H4a1, Maria Coto, b. ~1864, Asturias, Spain
    Mother's Paternal: Haplogroup J1+ FGC4745/FGC4766+ PF5019+, Gerardo Caprio, b. 1879, Caposele, Avellino, Campania, Italy
    Father's Maternal: Haplogroup T2b-C150T, Francisca Santa Cruz, b.1916, Garganchon, Burgos, Spain

    Avatar: Raetian bronze votive, Fritzens-Sanzeno Culture VI-V c. BC, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy

  10. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Richard A. Rocca View Post
    Since DF27 itself was not tested, we can deduce that DF27 frequency in NE Spain is at a minimum of 30.1%, and at a maximum 46.4%. Based on what we've seen in other testing it is likely close to the maximum. Also noteworthy is the extremely small amount of L23*, P311 and L51 which is lso the case in Basque Country.
    Does this trend continue as one moves northwest into Galicia etc.?
     
    Y-DNA : R1b-P312>DF27>Z196>L176.2>Z262>SRY2627*

    mtDNA : J1c8

    Lactase Persistence: rs4988235 - AA rs182549 - TT

    EEF 49.22068981
    WHG 35.89409732
    ANE 14.88521287


    Eurogenes K7:
    WHG 61.67%
    ENF 19.35%
    ANE 15.21%


    Ysearch - ky8wb

    ftdna - 151463

    23andMe - M936999

  11. #7
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    I would be interested in seeing how the YDNA lines up with the surnames, and the breakdown of the non-R1b lineages among the surnames too.
    Avatar: 300 years of British history courtesy of LivingDNA
    YDNA: R1b-Z220 (A7066+) (1800's Stepney, London(Bethnal Green), UK George Wood b. 1782
    maternal-grandfather YDNA: ? Gurr, George 1843, Feversham, Kent, England.
    maternal-grandmother YDNA: ? Beech, John Richard b. 1780, Lewes, England
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-L48. Gould, John Somerset England 1800s.
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-L48. Scott, William Hamilton mdka Ireland(?) < 1800s

  12. #8
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    The project website gives an outline of the results for each surname (in Catalan). I translate a few to illustrate that they found multiple lineages per surname. I have picked out those which mention a specific haplogroup.

    Alemany [German] is a surname common in geographically dispersed Catalonia and Mallorca (Andratx especially) and the Valencia region of Marina Alta, Ribera Alta Safor and Alicantino. According to Moll, [it means] a native of Germany, but in the tenth century is found Alaman as a forename. In 1553 hearth tax is a Francis Alemany Robau at Mollet d’Empordŕ and a Joan Alamany Asnar at Horta de Sant Joan. Three French immigrants (Occitans) in Barcelona in 1637 are called Alamany. Currently, the form Alamany is very rare: names carried by only 36 people, mostly in Barcelona and Vallčs.

    We found that 71 Alemany volunteers are descendants of 20 different ancestors. Of haplogroups (Y chromosome type) more abundant in Germany, only one is found (R1b - U152) in one of these founders; therefore, most Alemanys are not descendants of Germans, but the name Alemany should be derived from the old name Alaman....

    Guasch is a moderately common name, particularly in Conflent Alt Camp and Conca de Barbera , Ibiza and Formentera and Teacher. Mallorca is frequent form Guasp Gasch and Cerdanya and Alt Urgell. [Meaning] native of Gascony. We find an example among French immigrants in 1637 hearth tax.

    We found that 75 volunteers Guasch are descendants of 22 different ancestors 22. Of haplogroups (Y chromosome type) that are clearly more frequent in the Gascony than Catalonia, only one is found (I2 - M223) as the founder of a Gasch lineage. However, many haplogroups are common between the two areas, and we can not rule out, especially within the haplogroup R1b, that there may be other founders from Gascony....
    Llach. An uncommon surname, typical of la Garrotxa, Pla de l’Estany, Gerona and Perpignan. We find an example among French immigrants in 1637 hearth tax.

    We were able to get results from all 26 volunteers for this surname, which belong to eight different lineages (lineage group in the sense of people descended from a common ancestor). This is a moderately high genetic diversity for a relatively common name. We see that the Llachs of the Gironne [?] region belong to four different lineages ... and the individual lineages are Llach Pyrenees ( lineage 6 ) of Berguedá (7) and Castellón ( 8). Importantly, the founder of the lineage 1 belonged to haplogroup C * , which is found in high frequencies in East Asia, and in Europe there is hardly beyond Eastern Europe. Among the more than 400 founding lineages that we have analyzed so far, this is the only one we've found C * .

    Maimó. An uncommon surname, with irregular distribution in Catalonia but more frequent in Mallorca, especially in Felanitx, Ariany Lloret de Vistalegre. Maymó form is more prevalent in the Principality. [Meaning] Arabic or Hebrew Maimun can mean "happy", " faithful, constant" or "Yemeni" (since Yemen was the Happy Arabia). In the fourteenth century, in Montuiri (Mallorca ), a Jacob ben Maymó is renamed Peter Onis.

    We were able to get results of 28 of the 29 volunteers for this surname, which belong to 12 different lineages (lineage group in the sense of people descended from a common ancestor). The lineage 7 encompasses virtually all Maimons of Mallorca; belongs to haplogroup R1b - SRY2627, the frequency of which is higher in Catalonia. Therefore, it is more likely to have a peninsular origin than an Arabic or Jewish. Only one lineage, carried by two volunteers around Barcelona and Vallčs Oriental, had a haplogroup E - M81, very common in North Africa and suggests a North African origin.
    Melis . A rare surname: in Catalonia is almost exclusively Garrigues, while it is more common in Mallorca, especially in Manacor, Sant Llorenç des Cardassar and Capdepera. It is derived from Arabic personal name Mahli.

    We have 23 results from 24 volunteers of this name, which have proved to belong to six different lineages... The Melis of Mallorca almost all belong to the lineage 5, as well as some of the Safor; So we see another example of the repopulation of the area of Mallorca after the expulsion of the Moors. The lineage 5 carries haplogroup R1b U152, which rules out an Arabic origin, as this haplogroup is almost absent in North Africa; however, it could indicate another source for the Melis of Mallorca: the Melis surname is very common in Sardinia, although R1b - U152 is not as abundant as in northern Italy, it is more common there than in Catalonia.
    Nŕcher. A surname only common in Valencia, especially in l’Horta Sud, Albaida Valley, and the Plain of Castellón. Derived from the Arabic name Nağğar.

    We have 23 results from 24 volunteers of this name, which have proved to belong to nine different lineages... Thus, lineage one is common in the Coast and Valley Albaida, lineage 3 in Masanasa and the city of Valencia, and 4 and also the Cap i Casal. Although none of it belongs to Y haplogroup lineages more common in North Africa, the first lineage belongs to haplogroup J1-M267*, very common in the Arabian Peninsula, and 2 lineages, 3 and 4 belong to J2a-M410*, also very common in the Middle East. Therefore, it is possible that some two-thirds of current Nŕchers are descendants of the Moors.
    Roma. A rare surname. In Catalonia it has two foci, at Ripollčs Osona, and la Noguera i el Pla d’Urgell. Derived from the Italian city.

    We have results from 35 of the 39 volunteers of this name, and have proved to belong to 12 different lineages... Most volunteers from Cataluya Central, Osona and northern Lower Llobregat belong to the lineage 3; other Roma from Osona form lineage 1. Romas from the west grouped in lineage 9, which belongs to haplogroup R1b-U152, very common in north and central Italy. We have also analyzed (almost accidentally) some Roma from Alicante, which are genetically distinct from any of the other Roma.
    Ros. A ubiquitous surname..... Originated from the nickname that describes the color of the hair. In 969 there is an Exemeno Roso at Cervelló, in 999 a Vifredus Rosso at Urgellet, and in 1029 a Witardo Ross also at Urgellet. It should be noted however, that at this time it was not hereditary. As a real surname, it was already among the most common in Barcelona in 1389. Additional French immigrants brought it to Barcelona in the early seventeenth century.

    We have 62 results from 66 volunteers of this name, which have proved to belong to 43 different lineages... This large number of different lineages suggests a genetic heterogeneity result of high frequency of the surname and its origin as a nickname. We emphasize only lineage 18, which includes most of the Ros volunteers in Alt Penedčs and the Lower Llobregat. Note that 28% of the founders of Ros surname belong to haplogroups I1 - M253* or R1b - L21* which are more common in Northern and Eastern Europe, while in the general population, these types of Y chromosome found in a lower frequency (15 %).
    Salom . Rare surname. .. From the Hebrew shalom, meaning ' peace '.

    We have results from 41 of the 44 volunteers of this name, which have proved to belong to 13 different lineages. 85% of the Saloms of Mallorca belong to one of four lineages;one lineage includes almost all Saloms of Montsiá and Castile, and another is characteristic of Carcagente. Three lineages (7 , 8 and 9 , broadcast on Mallorca and Menorca Carcagente) belong to haplogroup E- M81 which was much more common in North Africa than catalonia, while lines 10, 11 and 12 basically Mallorcan haplogroups appear more prevalent among Sephardic Jews than Mallorcans. Therefore, 56% of Salom volunteers could have North African or Jewish ancestors.
    Last edited by Jean M; 05-24-2014 at 10:46 AM.

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  14. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by vettor View Post
    Many of these are northern Italian names
    Not exclusively. Given that Catalan and Italian are both romance languages (derived from Latin), you can expect some similar surnames with the same meaning in both regions, for example Cabot, Ferrer, Nadal and Taberner/Taverner. Ros or similar is found as a surname derived from a nickname for the red-haired even in Britain, for it came with the Normans. The only name in the Catalan list which actually denotes someone from Italy is Roma.
    Last edited by Jean M; 05-24-2014 at 10:57 AM.

  15. #10
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    Quote Originally Posted by RCO View Post
    Free supporting information
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1...12066/suppinfo

    Subhaplogroup Number Frequency (%)
    R-L23* 1 0.1
    R-P311* 5 0.4
    R-U106* 21 1.8
    R-Z381 36 3.1
    R-P312* 187 16.3
    R-L21* 62 5.4
    R-U152 100 8.7
    R-Z195* 66 5.7
    R-SRY2627 108 9.4
    R-Z220* 115 10.0
    R-Z268* 3 0.3
    R-Z278* 42 3.7
    R-M153 12 1.0
    Total R-L23 758 66.0
    To compare with a sum of studies in http://iberianroots.com/Statistics/spain.html

    Balearic Islands__ n=209__ R1b 72,2% __E* 7,66%__ E-M81 0,96%__G 6,70%__I* 3,35%__ I-M26 0,00%__ J*+J2 4,31%__ J1 0,00%__ T1a 0,00%__ R1a 0,48%__ K* 4,31%
    Catalonia_______n=390______ 72,57%____2,25%________0,51%____5,90%____3,0%_____ ___1,75%_______8,71%_____0,26%______0,51%______2,0 5%_____2,67%__C 0,51%
    Valencia________n=131______63,96%_____5,34%_______ _2,29%____0,76%____5,34%_______0,00%_______8,40%__ __10,65%____C 2,27%

    Aragon________n=75________66,33%_____1,33%________ 2,67%____1,33%____10,67%______5,33%_______9,33%___ ___0,00%_____1,33%______1,33%

    Valencia (Myres)__ n=113__ U106 0,9%__P312(xL21,U152) 32,7%__ L21 0,9% __ U152 6,2%__ L23* 1,8%__L51 1,8%__ L11 1,8% __Total R1b=46% (??)
    Valencia (Busby)__n=168________2,4%_________________47,6%__ ___7,1%_______7,1%___ Total 64,2%
    Last edited by palamede; 05-24-2014 at 01:28 PM.

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