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Thread: new(or very recent) papers on neolithic,metal ages european mobility and links

  1. #81
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    Interesting video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skRuzlCA8Yo

    Push and Pull Factors of the Sea Peoples between Italy and the Levant
    Institut Incal UCL
    Published on Aug 22, 2017
    Reinhard Jung (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften OREA), Push and Pull Factors of the Sea Peoples between Italy and the Levant

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    Between the Po plain and middle-Danubian Urnfield cultures: Codroipo and the Friulian plain in 12th century BC

    https://www.archeomedia.net/wp-conte...ope.pdf#page=4

    "The excavation has brought very important results from the phase of the transition between the Late Bronze Age and Final Bronze Age."

    " At any rate, the influence of the Karst Hillfort culture in pottery production and that of central Europe in bronze production is quite evident."

    "The particular kind of fences in reinforced earth embankment appearing at the beginning of
    the Middle Bronze Age in the Friulian high plain recall the Terramare of the Po-Venetian plain,
    conceding that Friulian hillforts, in some cases, seem to be older"

    "Currently, the primary model of Terramare settlements suggests a relation to two different
    cultural areas: on one hand, there may be a spin-off from the Early Bronze Age lake-dwellings
    of the Polada culture, near Garda Lake.On the other hand, as Andrea Cardarelli recently sug-
    gested, their prototype may be found in the so-called Tell civilization, which developed in the
    Early Bronze Age up to the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age
    (Bronzezeit
    in the Carpathian-Danubian area: indeed both in the Po-Venetian Plain and in the Carpathian-Danubian area
    (at the end of Early Bronze Age - Middle Bronze Age) several common indicators are to be
    found; the increase of Sauerbrunn-Boiu swords, cheek-pieces made of deer antler,
    Brotlaibidole and fine ceramic ware decorative motifs.


    "Let us return now to the Friuli region. With the end of the Middle Bronze Age and the pas-
    sage to the Late Bronze Age (14th century BC: transition BzC2-BzD), the eastern Veneto region
    and the Friulian Plain, as well as the Slovenian and middle Danube areas, are marked by an im-
    pressive phenomenon of agrarian colonization"

    "Elements matching with the first phase of the Virovitica archaeological group of eastern Slovenia, with specific correspondence at Oloris (Dolnji Lakoš) and Rabelčja vas (Ptuj), are also recognizable in the pottery. "

    " The passage to the late Late Bronze Age 2 (corresponding to the transition BzD2-
    HaA1) testifies the diffusion in Friuli of typological elements belonging to the second phase of
    the Virovitica and Baierdorf -Velatice archaeological groups
    "

    "There are pots (fig. 9:1, 10- 11) with matches in Oloris, eastern Slovenia, in the first phase of the Virovitica group
    ; other pots have matches in the Venetian RBA2."

    "This particular decoration is spread across a wide area between the
    central Alps and western Hungary."

    "The distribution of this decorative motif
    is one of the indicators of cultural element movement in the wide area encompassed between
    north-eastern Italy and western Hungary."

    "In association with these types, some of the common elements are to be found in the middle-Danubian area about BzD-HaA1
    transition, i.e. in the Čaka – Baierdorf horizon and in the second phase of the Virovitica group (Zagreb-Vrapče)"

    "Identification of the precise origin of eastern influences is not an easy task, but it seems rational
    to suppose the arrival of single elements with an intense circulation in the middle-Danubian area. "

    "the stratigraphic sequence of Codroipo thus allows, for the first time in Friuli, a clear ce-
    ramic evolution focus of the entire Late Bronze Age development up to the beginning of the
    Final Bronze Age (BzD-HaA1) along with stratigraphic systematic relations between ceramic
    assemblages typical of north-eastern Italy (Venetian Plain) repertoire and those pertinent to
    initial and early stages of middle-Danubian Urnfield groups
    (fig. 14). "

    "The Codroipo 3 stage, documented by a distinctly large stratigraphic sequence, seems to
    evidence a long episode of settlement renewal; this stage shows elements typical of Venetian
    plain Late Bronze Age 2 along with the rise of middle-Danubian BzD-Hallstatt A1 elements
    (Baierdorf and Virovitica 2 groups)."

    Late Bronze Age exchange and interaction in the northern Circum-
    Alpine region: not only across the Alps

    "As previously detailed, amber has been
    used to reconstruct trade routes because of its abundance in the Baltic region
    and relative
    scarcity in southern Europe-although the exploitation of deposits in southern Europe
    during prehistory is evidenced . Archaeometric analysis has confirmed that much of the
    amber from central and southern Europe did indeed originate from the Baltic region.
    "

    "Similar interaction networks between the northern Alpine lake-dwellings and communities
    in the Po Plain, particularly Frattesina
    , are evidenced through the distribution of blue and white
    spirally decorated, or blue with white „eyes“, glass beads; the so called „
    Pfahlbauperlen“24. "

    "Considering bronze objects, there is a generally low prevalence of north Italian style
    artefacts in the northern Alpine lake-dwelling assemblage
    s, but there are some significant
    exceptions across a range of object types."

    " Similarly, the many antenna orm swords known from the northern Alpine forelands
    may have been imported from central Italy,
    or locally manufactured drawing influences in style of prototypes-particularly
    the Tarquinia type-imported from the Italian peninsula."

    "However, the Late Bronze Age material indicates neither intensive nor regular exchange between communities in
    northern Italy and those inhabiting the northern Alpine forelands and lake-dwellings therein
    ."

    " The distribution of these objects is
    relatively exclusive, with the exception of western Switzerland, suggesting that this region
    may have been a „melting pot“ not only in terms of production, but also in how objects were
    conceptualised
    and „sold“ or „translated“ into the material assemblage of other regions."

    "Combining all of the evidence for „exports“ from and „imports“ to the northern Alpine
    forelands it would appear as though the lake-dwelling communities were primarily circulating
    their products to central Europe rather than acquiring products from there.
    "

    "Typological identification of bronze artefacts has clearly identified objects typical of the northern
    Alpine forelands in regions as far north as Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and the United Kingdom
    "

    "Why these razors travelled so far out of their home region is unclear, particularly given the general regional nature of
    razors; it is possible that they represent the personal equipment of migrants from the Alpine region"

    "Considering the evidence for interaction networks flowing through the northern Alpine lake-
    dwellings, it appears that the influence of communities inhabiting the southern Alpine regions
    and northern Italy was relatively limited
    . In contrast, the connections between different areas of
    Switzerland and central Europe appear to be particularly strong
    , especially in the distribution of
    products which were manufactured in the lake-dwelling regions."

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    https://www.archeomedia.net/wp-conte...ope.pdf#page=4

    Tarquinia and the north. Considerations on some archaeological
    evidence of the 9th-3rd century BC

    "This paper reports the preliminary results of an on-going project concerning contacts between
    Tarquinia and central and northern areas of Europe, including the southern Scandinavian penin-
    sula. Material evidence of objects imported from, or influenced by, the northern regions (North

    -
    ern Italy, central Europe, etc.), in both metallurgy and pottery production identified in ancient
    Tarquinia from the Villanovan period onwards, shows the crucial role of the city as a contact
    point in the transmission of such influences to southern Italy."

    " A number of discoveries suggest an articulated
    situation of contacts and a foreign presence, which can also be perceived through the funerary
    equipment of the necropolis"

    "This layout can be compared
    with that of the very elaborate high handle of a well-known series of bronze cups belonging to
    the end of the Villanovan period. Their shape can be assigned to the Stillfried-Hostomice se-
    ries, which shows central European influences.
    "

    "Similar sets of bronzes are presently unknown in the Mediterranean world; when looking for comparisons outside the Mediterra
    -nean area, however, they can only be found in southern Scandinavia in a number of different
    and interesting contexts
    . "

    "Summing up, the first case study concerns the presence of well-known central and north
    European iconographies–such as the „bird protome“, the „sun bird“, the „sun boat“ and water
    birds–on pottery works from the „monumental complex“ of Tarquinia, dating from the Late
    Bronze Age to the Orientalising period,
    together with their counterparts from the necropolis
    (Claudia Piazzi). Based on such evidence of contacts, a second case study compares, for the first
    time, the combination of the above mentioned three bronze objects with evidence from South
    Scandinavian contexts
    (Nora M. Petersen). "

    "The symbolic value of the sun-boat connected to the cult of the journey of the sun and to the concepts of day and night, light and dark, earth and sky–is shared at large in Central Europe,
    Scandinavia, and the north and centre of the Italian peninsula, with a few examples from the
    Aegean."

    "The possible origin of the Villanovan seated figures from the sun-boat
    motif seems quite unquestionable
    ; such an evolutionary line can be seen on some exam
    -ples of pottery from the Italian peninsula and specifically on some biconical urns of the
    previous Protovillanovan period (Italian Late Bronze Age), as already stated by Peroni, De
    Angelis and Donati."

    ". From north to south. Lures, axes and shields in ritual deposits from Denmark and Swe-
    den and the constellation of bronzes from the „monumental complex“ of Tarquinia
    (Nora
    M. Petersen)"

    "The constellation of axe-shield-lituus found at the „monumental complex“ of Tarquinia and dated to the first quarter of the 7th century BC is still unknown in other Mediterranean contexts so far. "

    "Such phenomena indicate the existence of contacts, which means that objects might have been
    exchanged or rituals absorbed, but it may also suggest that certain Scandinavian beliefs and practises
    concerning the usage of particular ritual bronze objects spread out along a broader geographical area,
    even reaching Etruria.
    "

    "As already pointed out in the introduction to the present section, the bronze cups named
    „Stillfried-Hostomice“ represent one of the strongest archaeological indicators for the close
    contact existing between central Europe and Etruria during the Early Iron Age. This class is
    well rooted in the central European artisanal tradition of the local Bronze Age and spreads to
    the Italian peninsula due to the artisans’ transfers towards the south
    ."

    "Though there are no exact parallels for the cup of tomb 528
    , this ceremonial vase has certainly to be referred to the toreutic tradition of middle European origin
    that developed in the south Etruscan district, with Tarquinia as a leading centre"

    "

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    Contacts between the Late Hallstatt groups of the Pannonian Ba-
    sin, the south-east Alpine Hallstatt region and ancient Veneti from
    the perspective of horse burials

    https://www.archeomedia.net/wp-conte...ope.pdf#page=4

    "The interregional contacts between inhabitants of the late Hallstatt groups of the Pannonian
    Basin, south-east Alpine Hallstatt region and ancient Veneti can be identified by horse burials,
    namely, several similarities which are observed in horse burials placed in separate pits within
    human cemeteries. These similarities link above all the territories of the Vekerzug Culture,
    groups of the south Pannonian Basin and north-east Italy, and partly also two Slovenian groups
    of the south-east Alpine Hallstatt region
    (Sveta Lucija and Dolenjska groups). This type of
    horse burial was the most numerous in north-east Italy and in the territory of the Vekerzug
    Culture. Moreover, in the same regions, other similar features were recognized in burials of
    horses and humans of low social status. "

    "These were local groups of the
    Pannonian Basin (such as the Mezőcsát Group in the transition from the Late Bronze Age to
    the Early Iron Age, respectively its descendants) and the Hallstatt Culture of the east-alpine
    region, and also the north Pontic and Caucasian regions and Balkan Peninsula"

    "This type of horse burial presented a new element within a frame of cultural groups of the
    Pannonian Basin. According to earlier views, horse burials of the Vekerzug Culture were asso-
    ciated with influences from the east, namely from the North-Pontic and Caucasian region.
    "

    "The detailed study of this type of burial has revealed close connections to the regions further
    to the south-west, namely to the contemporary southern Pannonian late Hallstatt groups and
    certain South-East Alpine Hallstatt groups."

    "

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  9. #85
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    Quote Originally Posted by paoloferrari View Post
    Contacts between the Late Hallstatt groups of the Pannonian Ba-
    sin, the south-east Alpine Hallstatt region and ancient Veneti from
    the perspective of horse burials

    https://www.archeomedia.net/wp-conte...ope.pdf#page=4

    "The interregional contacts between inhabitants of the late Hallstatt groups of the Pannonian
    Basin, south-east Alpine Hallstatt region and ancient Veneti can be identified by horse burials,
    namely, several similarities which are observed in horse burials placed in separate pits within
    human cemeteries. These similarities link above all the territories of the Vekerzug Culture,
    groups of the south Pannonian Basin and north-east Italy, and partly also two Slovenian groups
    of the south-east Alpine Hallstatt region
    (Sveta Lucija and Dolenjska groups). This type of
    horse burial was the most numerous in north-east Italy and in the territory of the Vekerzug
    Culture. Moreover, in the same regions, other similar features were recognized in burials of
    horses and humans of low social status. "

    "These were local groups of the
    Pannonian Basin (such as the Mezőcsát Group in the transition from the Late Bronze Age to
    the Early Iron Age, respectively its descendants) and the Hallstatt Culture of the east-alpine
    region, and also the north Pontic and Caucasian regions and Balkan Peninsula"

    "This type of horse burial presented a new element within a frame of cultural groups of the
    Pannonian Basin. According to earlier views, horse burials of the Vekerzug Culture were asso-
    ciated with influences from the east, namely from the North-Pontic and Caucasian region.
    "

    "The detailed study of this type of burial has revealed close connections to the regions further
    to the south-west, namely to the contemporary southern Pannonian late Hallstatt groups and
    certain South-East Alpine Hallstatt groups."

    "
    thanks

    One needs to think about the celtic-venetic-illyrian triangle here, eastern alps mix of these 3 lasted longer than 1000 years...........friuli in the bronze-age was illyrian, then venetic in early iron-age, until the celts arrived 500BC .......halstatt was illyrian as well as pannonia until the celts merged with the illyrians ( pannonia also had dacian-thracian link )

    European - 99.2%............Central Asian - 0.8% .............Yfull - 1460BC
    Father's Mtdna .....T2b17.......1735 Porcellengo Veneto Italy
    Sons Mtdna .....K1a4 ...........1710 Carnic Alps

    My Path = ( K-M9+, TL-P326+, T-M184+, L490+, M70+, PF5664+, L131+, L446+, CTS933+, CTS54+, CTS8862+, Z19945+, A339+ )

    The main negatives = ( M193-, P322-, P327-, Pages11- , L25- , CTS1848- )

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  11. #86
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    the video above suggests some links that the shekelesh(siculi?) sea-people were terremare folks;
    the horn handle pottery is characteristic of the terremare and the olmo grave field (bronze swords) is strongly tied to terremare; the terremare had a wholesome collapse ~1200bc and these pottery and bronze type swords than appear in a martial context in south italy/sicily(aeolian) and also east med; Thucydides records that the Siculi/Σικελοί(shekelesh?) arrived in sicily three centuries before the arrival of the greeks and the establishment of the first colony which was naxos in 759bc+300 years = 11thcenbc;
    Geno2.0NextGeneration 51%SouthernEurope 19%Western&CentralEurope 13%Scandinavia 5%AsiaMinor 4%EasternEurope 4%GB&Ireland 3%Arabia myOrigins 52%WCEurope 40%SEEurope 5%BritishIsles 3%WestMiddleEast DNA.Land 49%NWEuropean 27%SEuropean 13%MedIslander 11%Sardinian myHeritage 51.8%NWEuropean 33.2%Italian 7.9%Greek 7.1%Balkan gencove 40%NCEurope 47%SWEurope 5%EMed 5%NEEurope 3%IranCaucasusAnatolia GenePlaza 28.5%NWEurope 16.0%Scandinavia 27.0%SardiniaSicilia 17.3%GreekAlbania 8.7%WSlavic 2.5%SWAsia

  12. #87
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    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_relea...-arc120417.php

    Archaeologists revise chronology of the last hunter-gatherers in the Near East

    University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Humanities

    New research by a team of scientists and archaeologists based at the Weizmann Institute of Science and the University of Copenhagen suggests that the 15,000-year-old 'Natufian Culture' could live comfortably in the steppe zone of present-day eastern Jordan - this was previously thought to be either uninhabitable or only sparsely populated.

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